City Alliance ’People. Sanitation. Cities’

is an interest group and a community of practitioners of cities and associates that are implementing integrated sanitation approach (ISA) for the management of urban waters.


is to promote-essential public services according to Sustainable Development Goals and the New Urban Agenda.


is to strengthen capacities of cities in order to support them to implement sustainable system solutions for the management of urban waters with particular polycentric urban planning focuses on the policy framework of sanitation planning for the whole city area. There, the cities are supported in finding approaches and concepts to combine different topics (wastewater, drinking water, waste, stormwater, sludge) into their planning as well as to find ways of communication between different departments and with different stakeholders (civil society, private sector, etc.)


  • Form an internationally linked community of practice of cities and associates on integrated sanitation.
  • Communicate and bring forward the interests and needs of cities towards national decision makers and regional stakeholders related to the application of system solutions.
  • Promote system solutions as a contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals and the New Urban Agenda towards local, national, regional and international stakeholders and;
  • Establish a regional knowledge platform and exchange network



Integrated Sanitation Approach (ISA)

It provides tailor-made system solutions for specific parts or districts of a city regarding the management of urban waters. Thus, considering the particularities of local conditions and their individual sanitation needs and demands, specific instruments, methods and modules are selected and applied as system solutions

Modules Applications / Instruments / Methods
Decentralised Wastewater Treatment Solutions (DEWATS) community based sanitation, school based sanitation, small and medium enterprises, hospitals, markets, hotspots
planning, design, implementation, construction
septic tank household, grease traps, planning, design implementation, construction
Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) assessment (technical options, design, finance, legal, O&M, etc.)
planning, design implementation, construction, O&M
septic tank overflow polishing pond, innovative technology
Decentralised Solid Waste Management (DESWAM) planning, design, implementation, construction, VER (Voluntary Emission Reduction) / climate component, other add-ons
regulations, policies O&M model, co-management, co-governance, input from lessons learnt
Operations and Maintenance (O&M) manuals, guidelines, posters, trainings, facilitation (support)
Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) data collection and management, analysis, evaluation, recommendations
in-house management water consumption reduction, wastewater streams separation, behaviour change, O&M monitoring
cross-sectoral urban planning inter-sectoral planning processes for the management of urban waters, water safety plans, sanitation mapping
reuse irrigation, fertilizer, bio gas


Financial Working Group

In practical work the City Alliance aims to address common issues of cities within a community of practitioners in a standardized way.

A focus topic within the City Alliance discussions is the financing of integrated sanitation. Therefore, a Financial Working Group was set up. The objective of this working group is to elaborate potential financing options and exchange with external experts to allow feasible budgets for implementation.

The first meeting of the Financial Working Group in January 2019 was organised by the City Sanitation Alliance and supported by BORDA and the Sustainable Urban Development Section (SUDS) of Environment and Development Section (EDD) of UNESCAP (United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific). The meeting aimed to review the conceptual approaches of UNESCAP and the Asia-Pacific Water Forum Network towards enhancing public policy frameworks through leveraging own sources of funding, tapping into new resources aimed at the development of innovative financing frameworks.

More information on the content and outcome of the meeting can be found here:

Financial Working Group Meeting

Financing Integrated Sanitation (UN-ESCAP)